Gravitational lensing
This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image contains a veritable mix of different galaxies, some of which belong to the same larger structure: At the middle of the frame sits the galaxy cluster SDSS J1050 0017 (Representational image)ESA/Hubble & NASA, CC BY 4.0; Acknowledgement: Judy Schmidt

Rocket Lab, a rocket propulsion company backed by investors in Silicon Valley, has launched a batch of 13 tiny probes from New Zealand to study space.

The Electron rocket lifted off on Sunday evening from the world's only private orbital launch pad on the Mahia Peninsula, carrying a payload of 10-cm (3.9-inch) cube-shaped research satellites.

The tiny satellites are called 'CubeSats' and will collect data on phenomena such as radiation belts or on autonomous movement in space for a group of universities and the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The NASA mission has been named the Educational Launch of Nanosatellites or 'ELaNa-19'.

Rocket Lab's successful launch of a rocket that deployed satellites in January after years of preparation was an important step in the global commercial race to bring down financial and logistical barriers to space.

Sunday's launch was the second commercial launch for the New Zealand firm after it sent up a commercial payload of seven satellites on Nov. 11.

If this mission is a success then Rocket Lab expects to increase its activity in 2019, with a goal of 16 missions.