Amid solar conjunction on Mars, where the Red planet disappears behind the Sun, the rovers and orbiters will continue with science operations, NASA said.

NASA will hold off sending commands to its Mars fleet for two weeks, from November 11 to 25, while Earth and the Red Planet are on opposite sides of the Sun.

Called Mars solar conjunction, this phenomenon happens every two years. The missions pause because hot, ionised gas expelled from the Sun's corona could potentially corrupt radio signals sent from Earth to NASA's Mars spacecraft, leading to unexpected behaviours.

However, the Rovers and orbiters will continue collecting limited data during the two-week communications pause, the US space agency said in a statement.

Mars Solar Conjunction: NASA's Rovers, Orbiters To Continue Science Ops

"Our mission teams have spent months preparing to-do lists for all our Mars spacecraft," said Roy Gladden, manager of the Mars Relay Network at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, in the statement.

"We'll still be able to hear from them and check their states of health over the next few weeks."

Perseverance and Curiosity rovers will monitor changes in surface conditions, weather, and radiation as they stay parked. Although momentarily grounded, the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter will use its colour camera to study the movement of sand, which poses an ever-present challenge to Mars missions.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Logo.NASA

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and the Odyssey orbiter will continue imaging the surface. And MAVEN will continue collecting data on interactions between the atmosphere and the Sun.

While NASA usually receives health updates from the Mars fleet throughout conjunction, there will be two days when the agency will not hear from it because the Red Planet will be fully behind the disk of the Sun.

Once the moratorium (as the communications pause is known) ends, the orbiters will relay all the pending science data to Earth, and the spacecraft can begin receiving instructions again, the agency said.

(With inputs from IANS)