A team of Chinese researchers has achieved ultra high-speed communication with the first-ever real-time wireless transmission of the 6G technology, the media reported on Tuesday, days after the US announced plans to move in the direction.

The research team from the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Second Institute used terahertz orbital angular momentum communication technology, reports South China Morning Post.

6G technologyIANS

Terahertz refers to a frequency range between 100 GHz and 10 THz in the electromagnetic spectrum. In the experiment, the team used a special antenna to generate four different beam patterns at a frequency of 110 GHz.

With those patterns, they achieved real-time wireless transmission at a speed of 100 gigabits per second on a 10 GHz bandwidth, significantly increasing the efficiency of bandwidth usage.

"In the future, this technology can also be applied to short-range broadband transmission fields, supporting high-speed communication between lunar and Mars landers, spacecraft and within spacecraft themselves," the report said.

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Because of its higher frequency, terahertz communication can carry more information and allows for faster data transfer rates. It has attracted significant attention for its potential in 6G communication, high-speed internet and in secure communications, such as in complex military environments.

Known to be 10-20 times faster than 5G, 6G mobile transmission technology is likely to shape the future of communications. In the future, peak communication speeds using 6G are expected to reach one terabit per second.

Is US catching up?

Three days ago, the US government said it is drawing up plans for the eventual use of 6G networks, hoping to give Washington a technological edge over Beijing's rapid advances. 

The White House met with corporate leaders, technology officials and academic experts to develop strategies for upcoming 6G networks and to "take the lessons learned from 5G about the importance of early involvement and resilience." 

(With inputs from IANS)