National Pollution Control Day 2016
December 2 marks the National Pollution Control Day, which is celebrated to pay tribute to the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy. [Representational image]Reuters

The National Pollution Control Day is celebrated in India on December 2 to pay tribute and honour those who lost their lives in the unfortunate Bhopal gas tragedy of 1984, considered to be the world's worst industrial disaster.

Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate gas and other chemicals which leaked from Union Carbide India Limited's pesticide plant in Bhopal on the night of December 2–3, 1984.

This incident instantly killed 2,259 people. It was not the end as 8,000 to 10,000 people were found dead within 72 hours on the incident, while 25,000 people died of gas-related ailments later on.

Air pollution leads to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is likely to be the third major cause of death by 2030, according to World Health Organization.

Exposure to air pollution also leads to heart diseases, asthma, emphysema and other respiratory ailments. Pregnant women, kids and outdoor workers are more prone to the adverse impacts.

It's high time that we improve our way of living to keep these air pollution-related ailments at bay.

Here are some simple tips which can aid you in coping with the hazardous affects of air pollution:

  • Avoid stepping outside during peak traffic hours.
  • Make sure you use a face mask to avoid inhaling pollutants.
  • Use indoor plants. It will help in maintaining low pollution levels at your home while decorating it.
  • Using air purifiers at home is recommended for people with respiratory ailments.
  • Maintain cleanliness by dusting and wiping indoors more often.
  • Opt for breathing exercises indoor during winters in order to avoid the ill-effects of smog.
  • Drink moderate amounts of water to prevent the impact of pollution on your skin and flushing out toxins from your body.
  • Include immunity-boosting foods in your diet, such as ginger, jaggery, herbal tea, garlic and all sorts of vegetables. 
  • Consult the doctor if you experience breathlessness and persistent coughing.