Biden took aim at Xi and Russian President Vladimir Putin for embracing autocracy. Biden said he would work with U.S. allies to hold China accountable for its actions on Taiwan, Hong Kong, the South China Sea, and its treatment of the Uighur minority, as well as push Beijing to stick to international rules for fair trade.
"He's one of the guys, like Putin, who thinks that autocracy is the wave of the future, (and) democracy can't function in an ever-complex world," the President said at his first news conference since taking office in January.
Earlier in March, Biden told ABC News he believed Putin was "a killer," which sparked fury in Moscow. "He (Xi) doesn't have a democratic – with a small 'd' – bone in his body, but he's a smart, smart guy," he said.
Biden's remarks echoed those made during his presidential campaign, and come days after the first high-level, in-person talks between U.S. and Chinese officials under his administration in Alaska, where combative public statements laid bare the depth of tensions between the rivals.
In an interview with CNN's Christiane Amanpour, the Chinese ambassador to the United States, Cui Tiankai, said China's goal is to "meet the growing aspiration of the Chinese people for a better life."
"Our goal is not to compete with or replace any other country. This is never our national strategy." He said dividing the world is not a solution that will help get rid of the coronavirus, tackle climate change or eradicate poverty.
"We don't think any attempt to divide the world into different camps or even build confrontational military blocs, we don't think that this kind of approach is a solution."
He said he told Xi during a two-hour conversation after taking office: "As long as you and your country continue to so blatantly violate human rights, we are going to continue in an unrelenting way to call it to the attention of the world, and make it clear, make it clear, what's happening. And he understood that."
Failing to do so, as happened under former President Donald Trump, would undermine America's credibility, Biden said.
It's who we're
"The moment a president walks away from that, as the last one did, is the moment we begin to lose our legitimacy around the world. It's who we are," he said. Tiankai denied China is separating Uighur families in Xinjiang. " Let me make it very clear. China is not doing these things," he said on CNN.
Biden, who plans to unveil a multi-trillion-dollar infrastructure proposal next week, said he would ensure increased U.S. investment in promising new technologies, such as quantum computing, artificial intelligence and biotechnology.
He said he aimed to return U.S. investment in research and technology development closer to the 2% of GDP invested in the 1960s from the current rate of about 0.7%.
"The future lies in who can, in fact, own the future as it relates to technology, quantum computing, a whole range of things, including in the medical fields," he said. "We are going to make real investments," he said, noting China spending three times more than the United States on infrastructure.