As the Union Budget for FY21-22 nears, stockbrokers have sought scrapping multiple classification system for calculating tax on capital market income and rationalisation and streamlining of the structure.

The industry body of stockbrokers -- Association of National Exchanges Member of India (ANMI) -- has written to Central Bank Direct Taxation (CBDT) on doing away with the multiple classification system for calculating tax on capital market income.

ANMI said in its statement that financial markets worldwide play an important role in garnering growth capital for the economy. In the years following the coronavirus pandemic, catalysing equity market participation will hold the key to reviving India's GDP growth, it noted.

The stockbrokers' body has urged the government to provide more incentives and encourage equity market investments by streamlining the tax structure applicable for market transactions in the Union Budget for the financial year 2021-22.

Currently, there are multiple classifications for capital market income, such as speculative income, business income among others. While the intraday cash market trading is classified as speculative income, the intraday derivatives trade is classified as business income.

No other country has such classification

"In fact, except India, no other country has this concept of speculative income. Globally trading positions are treated as ordinary business income and investment positions are treated as capital gains," it said.

This large variety of classification of income arising out of capital market transactions is creating fungibility problems with respect to profit or loss incurred in different types of trades, said the  industry body. To boost equity market participation, the concept of speculative income should be scrapped in the Union Budget 2021-22, it said.

Ease of tax-structure eases business

Also, like global markets, there should be limited categories of classification of incomes -- Business Income, Long-term Capital Gain and Short-term Capital Gain, for the ease of the taxpayer.

It has also said that due to the revenue implications, while abolition of Securities Transaction Tax (STT) and Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT) on all non-delivery trades may not be a feasible option at this point of time, the tax rebate under section 88E should be reintroduced to provide a level playing field to Indian market participants compared to global markets.

Budget 2021-22
Budget 2021-22: Tax system in IndiaIANS

"Reintroduction of Section 88E will result in increased volumes and therefore much larger collection of STT/CTT. In fact, revenues could also double due to increased participation in markets, which will be a boon for stimulating the GDP growth in the post-COVID recovery phase," ANMI said.

Ease IPO listing criteria

Invest19, a stock tech platform simplifying investment experience, has suggested that in order to augment the financial requirements of unlisted companies, the government should ease out IPO listing criteria and to mitigate the financial losses of the general public, the administration should rollback the LTCG tax.

A senior official with Invest19, Elena, said that the government should focus on enrolling more people under insurance cover so that a major chunk of the total population can support themselves from loss of savings. The government should avoid restricting fiscal deficit in order to boost their spending and inject more liquidity into the economy, the official added.