The Pengrowth Saddledome stands as one of the icons of the Calgary, Alberta skyline. Calgary is home to the headquarters of Canada's oil industryREUTERS/Todd Korol

Calgary police officers have shot and either killed or injured more civilians than officers in any other Canadian city in 2016, according to statistics gathered by CBC News.

With nine officer-involved shootings — including four fatalities — so far this year, Calgary police say they are reviewing their policies and training.

"I'm very pleased they are going to be looking at it to see if there are things that could be done differently or could be done better," Susan Hughson, executive director of the Alberta Serious Incident Response Team (ASIRT), told CBC News.

According to the CBC News report, Toronto — which has more than double Calgary's population — has seen the next highest number of officer-involved shootings, with six in total. Three of those involved injuries and three were fatalities.

Montreal police could not say how many officer-involved shootings have taken place in the city this year because they do "not keep statistics on shootings".

The lawyer for a Calgary man who was blinded after he was shot by police told CBC News that the number of police shootings in Calgary this year is troubling.

"It's certainly a very concerning statistic and one that hopefully causes the Calgary Police Service to look critically with the culture of their organization to figure out why this is the case," said Andrea Urquhart.

But a criminologist from Mount Royal University is defending Calgary officers.

"A lot of people are saying 'it's a culture of Calgary police service shooting first, asking questions second,'" said Doug King. "There's no evidence of that."

"My hunch is this isn't a training issue ... police officers in Calgary are being confronted with more incredibly dangerous situations."

Police attributed some of this year's shootings to an increase in vehicle thefts and the city's opioid crisis.

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